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Glossary

This glossary contains common terms, acronyms, abbreviations, and definitions used throughout this web site. Please click on a letter to go to the listings that start with that letter.

A

ADA
Americans with Disabilities Act – Refers to the American with Disabilities Act Legislation that was pass in the United States in 1990.
ADT
Average Daily Traffic (or Trips)
AFT
American Farmland Trust
AFV
Alternative Fuel Vehicles
AHRI
American Heritage Rivers Initiative
AIC
American International College
AICP
American Institute of Certified Planners – This is the American Planning Association’s professional institute, providing recognized leadership nationwide in the certification of professional planners, ethics, professional development, planning education, and the standards of planning practice. (Definition taken from the official website – http://www.planning.org/aicp/)
AMPO
Association of Metropolitan Planning Organizations
ANR
Approval Not Required
APA
American Planning Association
APD
Aquifer Protection District
ATR
Automatic Traffic Recorder – These are used to collect daily traffic volume information as well as vehicle classification, speed, and gap.
AQI
Air Quality Index
AVR
Average Vehicle Ridership

B

BAPAC
Barnes Aquifer Protection Advisory Committee
BRPC
Berkshire Regional Planning Commission
BID
Business Improvement District
BLOS
Bicycle Level of Service
BMP
Best Management Practice
BMS
Bridge Management System
BOA
Board of Appeals (or Adjustment)
BTPD
Bureau of Transportation Planning and Development
BTS
Bureau of Transportation Statistics

C

CAAA
Clean Air Act Amendments of 1990
CAN DO
Collaborating for the Advancement of Nursing: Developing Opportunities
CARD
Commercial Area Revitalization District
CAS
Community Action Statement
CBD
Central Business District
CBIA
Connecticut Business & Industry Association
CCC
Cape Cod Commission
3C
Continuing, Comprehensive, and Cooperative Planning Process
CCGS
Cooperating Colleges of Greater Springfield
CD
Community Development

CDAChild Development Associate

CDAG Community Development Action GrantCDBGCommunity Development Block GrantCDCCommunity Development CorporationCDFCommunity Development FundCDPCommunity Development PlanCEDACCommunity Economic Development Assistance CorporationCEDSComprehensive Economic Development StrategyCEEDCommunity Enterprise Economic DevelopmentCERCLAComprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act of 1980 §101 (39)CHAPACitizen Housing and Planning AssociationCHDOsCommunity Housing Development OrganizationsCIISCapital Improvement Inventory SystemCIPCapital Improvements Plan (or Program)CMAQCongestion Mitigation and Air Quality Improvement ProgramCMRPCCentral Massachusetts Regional Planning CommissionCMSCongestion Management SystemCMSAConsolidated Metropolitan Statistical AreaCNGCompressed Natural GasCOCarbon MonoxideCOGCouncil of GovernmentsComm-PASSCommonwealth Procurement Access and Solicitation SystemCPACommunity Preservation ActCPTCCitizen Planner Training CollaborativeCSBGCommunity Service Block GrantCSOCombined Sewer Overflow

D

DCR
Department of Conservation and Recreation
DECE
Developing Early Childhood Educators – An Early Childhood initiative that seeks to align local stakeholders to develop a consistent, clearly articulated, well integrated, universal and comprehensive system for early childhood educators to access, afford and attain industry recognized credentials.
DEP
Department of Environmental Protection
DET
Division of Employment and Training
DBE
Disadvantage Business Enterprise
DHCD
Department of Housing and Community Development
DOE
Department of Energy
DOE
Department of Education
DOR
Department of Revenue
DOT
Department of Transportation
DPW
Department of Public Works
DRI
Developments of Regional Impact

E

EACC
Economic Assistance Coordinating Council
ECE
Early Childhood Education
EDA
Economic Development Administration
EDC
Economic Development Council
EDD
Economic Development District
EDIC
Economic Development and Industrial Corporation
EEC
Early Education and Care, MA Department
EIR
Environmental Impact Report
EIS
Environmental Impact Statement
EJ
Environmental Justice
ENF
Environmental Notification Form
E.O.
Executive Order
EOA
Economic Opportunity Area
EOAF
Executive Office of Administration and Finance
EOEA
Executive Office of Economic Affairs
EOEA
Executive Office of Elder Affairs
EOEA
Executive Office of Environmental Affairs
EOTC
Executive Office of Transportation and Construction
EPA
Environmental Protection Agency
ETA
Economic Target Area

F

FA
Federal Aid
FC
Functional Classification (of roadways)
FCAC
Franklin Community Action Corporation
FHA
Federal Housing Administration
FHWA
Federal Highway Administration – An agency of the United States Department of Transportation that provides financial and technical support to each state for constructing, improving, and preserving America’s highway system.
FRCOG
Franklin Regional Council of Governments
FTA
Federal Transit Administration – An agency of the United State Department of Transportation that administers federal funding to support a variety of locally planned, constructed, and operated public transportation systems throughout the U.S., including buses, subways, light rail, commuter rail, streetcars, monorail, passenger ferry boats, inclined railways, and people movers.

G

GED
General Educational Development – Sometimes known as a “General Equivalency Diploma” or “General Education(al) Diploma”
GIS
Geographic Information System – A system for capturing, storing, analyzing and managing data and associated attributes which are spatially referenced to the earth.
GPS
Global Positioning System

H

HAC
Housing Appeal Committee
HAP
Housing Allowance Project (Hampden/Hampshire Housing Partnership)
HCAC
Hampshire Community Action Commission
HCC
Holyoke Community College
HDSP
Housing Development Support Program
HIF
Housing Innovation Fund
HMDL
Home Modification for Individuals with Disabilities Loan
HOD
Highway Overlay District
HOD
Historic Overlay District
HOP
Homeownership Opportunities Program
HOV
High Occupancy Vehicle
HPG
Housing Preservation Grant
HSEP
Hartford-Springfield Economic Partnership
HUD
United States Department of Housing and Urban Development – A Cabinet department of the United States government focused on housing.

I

IFB
Invitation for Bid
ITS
Intelligent Transportation Systems
ISTEA
Intermodal Surface Transportation Efficiency Act of 1991

J

JLT
Jacob’s Ladder Trail
JTC
Joint Transportation Committee

K

L

Ldn
Abbreviation for the three hundred sixty-five day average, in decibels, of day-night average sound levels generated by aircraft flight operations.
LHA
Local Housing Authority
LIHEAP
Low Income Home Energy Assistance Program
LIHTC
Low Income Housing Tax Credit
LOS
Level of Service
LPMS
Local Pavement Management System
LRV
Light Rail Vehicle
LTA
Local Technical Assistance

M

MA
Metropolitan Area
MAPC
Metropolitan Area Planning Council
MARPA
Massachusetts Association of Regional Planning Agencies
MassGIS
Massachusetts Geographic Information System
MBE
Minority Business Enterprises
MEPA
Massachusetts Environmental Policy Act
MGIC
Massachusetts Geographic Information Council
M.G.L.
Massachusetts General Laws
MHC
Massachusetts Historical Commission
MHD
Massachusetts Highway Department (aka MassHighway)
MHP
Massachusetts Housing Partnership
MIFA
Massachusetts Industrial Finance Agency
MIG
Municipal Incentive Grant
MISER
Massachusetts Institute for Social and Economic Research
MMA
Massachusetts Municipal Association
MOA
Memorandum of Agreement
MOBD
Massachusetts Office of Business Development
MOD
Massachusetts Office on Disability
MOU
Memorandum of Understanding
MPO
Metropolitan Planning Organization – The body which approves federally funded projects in Hampshire and Hampden counties.
MRPC
Montachusett Regional Planning Commission
MSA
Metropolitan Statistical Area
MTA
Massachusetts Turnpike Authority
Municipal
A city, town, village, or a small grouping of them, typically governed by a mayor and a city council.
MVC
Martha’s Vineyard Commission
MVPC
Merrimack Valley Planning Commission
MWRA
Massachusetts Water Resources Authority

N

NARC
National Association of Regional Councils
NEARC
New England Association of Regional Councils
NFA
Non-Federal Aid
NHS
National Highway System
NHS
Neighborhood Housing Services program
NHTSA
National Highway Traffic Safety Administration
NMCOG
Northern Middlesex Council of Governments
NOx
Nitrogen Oxide
NP&EDC
Nantucket Planning and Economic Development Commission
NPDES
National Pollutant Discharge Elimination System
NTHP
National Trust for Historic Preservation
NTSB
National Transportation Safety Board

O

OCPC
Old Colony Planning Council
OEDP
Overall Economic Development Program
OSRP
Open Space and Recreation Plan

P

P-21
Pathways to Success by 21
PCI
Pavement Condition Index
PDR
Purchase of Development Rights
PHT
Peak Hour Traffic (or Trips)
PILOT
Payment in Lieu of Taxes
PL
[Metropolitan] Planning Funds
PMS
Pavement Management System
PMSA
Primary Metropolitan Statistical Area
PMUG
Pavement Management Users Group
POAD
Planner on a Disc
PPP
Public Participation Process
PURD
Planned Unit Residential Development
PVPC
Pioneer Valley Planning Commission – A public agency that, together with local governments, addresses problems and opportunities in the region.
PVRBCRLF
Pioneer Valley Regional Brownfields Cleanup Revolving Loan Fund
PVTA
Pioneer Valley Transit Authority
PWED
Public Works/Economic Development

Q

R

RDAL
Rental Development Action Loan
REB
Regional Employment Board
REBA
Regional Education and Business Alliance
RENEW

Re

gional

Ne

t

W

orks

REMI
Regional Economic Models, Inc.
RFP
Request for Proposals
RFQ
Request for Qualifications
RFR
Request for Response
RIF
Roadway Inventory Files
RLF
Revolving Loan Fund
RPA
Regional Planning Agency
RPAs
Regional Planning Agencies
RPMS
Regional Pavement Management System
RTA
Regional Technology Alliance
RTA
Regional Transit Authority
RTP
Regional Transportation Plan

S

SBA
Small Business Administration
SIP
State Implementation Plan (for air quality)
SOMWBA
State Office of Minority and Women Business Assistance
SOV
Single Occupancy Vehicle
SP
Special Permit
SPP
Special Permit Planning
SPR
Site Plan Review
SRPEDD
Southeastern Regional Planning and Economic Development District
SPACE
Springfield Area Council for Excellence
SPR
Statewide Planning and Research Funds
SRO
Single Room Occupancy
STCC
Springfield Technical Community College
STIP
Statewide Transportation Improvement Program
STP
Surface Transportation Program

T

TCSP
Transportation and Community System Preservation [Pilot Program]
TDM
Transportation Demand Management
TDR
Transfer of Development Rights
TEA-21
Transportation Equity Act for the 21st Century
TIF
Tax Increment Financing
TIP
Transportation Improvement Program
TMA
Transportation Management Area
TMC
Turning Movement Counter – Intersection turning movement counters are used to collect intersection vehicle turning movement volumes.
TND
Traditional Neighborhood District
TOD
Transit Oriented Design (or Development)
TRO
Trip Reduction Ordinance
TRB
Transportation Research Board
TSM
Transportation Systems Management
TTY

T

ele

TY

pe/

T

ele

TY

pewriter) – An electronic device use by the deaf for typed communications over the telephone.

U

UGB
Urban Growth Boundary
ULI
Urban Land Institute
UMass
University of Massachusetts
UPWP
Unified Planning Work Program
URDG
Urban Revitalization Development Grant
USDA
United States Department of Agriculture
USDI
United States Department of the Interior
USFS
United States Forest Service
USFWS
United States Fish and Wildlife Service
USGS
United States Geological Survey
USPLS
United States Public Land Survey
UST
Underground Storage Tanks

V

VMT
Vehicle Miles Traveled
VOC
Volatile Organic Compound
VOR
Vehicle Occupancy Rate

W

WAP
Weatherization Assistance Program
WBE
Women-owned Business Enterprises
WHPA
Wellhead Protection Area
WIA
Workforce Investment Act
WMNTMA
The Western Massachusetts Chapter of the National Tooling and Machining Association
WNEC
Western New England College
WQMP
Water Quality Management Plan
WRWA
Westfield River Watershed Association
WRWSAC
Westfield River Wild & Scenic Advisory Committee
WSC
Westfield State College
WSP
Water Supply Protection [District]

X

Y

Z

ZBA
Zoning Board of Adjustment (or Appeals)

Executive Orders and Legislative Acts

E.O. 418
production of affordable housing across a broad range of incomes
M.G.L. Chapter 30B
uniform procurement law for local governments
M.G.L. Chapter 40A
zoning
M.G.L. Chapter 40B
planning/comprehensive permits
M.G.L. Chapter 41, Sections 81K-81GG
subdivision control (revised November 2005)